Säugetiere (Mammalia)

German Red List

Meinig, H.; Boye, P. & Hutterer, R. (2009): Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Säugetiere (Mammalia) Deutschlands. – In: Haupt, H., Ludwig, G., Gruttke, H., Binot-Hafke, M., Otto, C. & Pauly, A. (Bearb.): Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere, Pflanzen und Pilze Deutschlands. Band 1: Wirbeltiere. – Bonn (Bundesamt für Naturschutz). – Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70 (1):  115–153.

 

Comment: The German national Red List threat categories do not correspond with the international IUCN categories. 

Checklist

Scientific name German name Threat Category
A
Alces alces (Linné, 1758) Elch Extremely Rare
Alexandromys oeconomus (Pallas, 1776) Sumpfmaus Highly Threatened
Apodemus agrarius (Pallas, 1771) Brandmaus Data Deficient
Apodemus alpicola Heinrich, 1952 Alpenwaldmaus Extremely Rare
Apodemus flavicollis (Melchior, 1834) Gelbhalsmaus Not Threatened
Apodemus sylvaticus (Linné, 1758) Waldmaus Not Threatened
Arvicola amphibius (Linné, 1758) Ostschermaus Not Threatened
B
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 Zwergwal Threatened with Extinction
Balaenoptera physalus (Linné, 1758) Finnwal Not established
Barbastella barbastellus barbastellus (Schreber, 1774) Mopsfledermaus Highly Threatened
Bison bonasus (Linné, 1758) Wisent Extinct or Lost
Bos primigenius Bojanus, 1827 Auerochse Extinct or Lost
C
Canis aureus Linné, 1758 Goldschakal Not established
Canis lupus Linné, 1758 Wolf Threatened
Capra ibex Linné, 1758 Steinbock Extremely Rare
Capreolus capreolus (Linné, 1758) Reh Not Threatened
Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 Kanadischer Biber Not Evaluated
Castor fiber Linné, 1758 Europäischer Biber Near Threatened
Cervus elaphus Linné, 1758 Rothirsch Not Threatened
Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Sikahirsch Not Evaluated
Chionomys nivalis (Martins, 1842) Schneemaus Extremely Rare
Cricetus cricetus (Linné, 1758) Feldhamster Threatened with Extinction
Crocidura leucodon (Hermann, 1780) Feldspitzmaus Near Threatened
Crocidura russula (Hermann, 1780) Hausspitzmaus Not Threatened
Crocidura suaveolens (Pallas, 1811) Gartenspitzmaus Threatened
D
Dama dama (Linné, 1758) Damhirsch Not Evaluated
Delphinus delphis Linné, 1758 Gewöhnlicher Delfin Not established
Dryomys nitedula (Pallas, 1778) Baumschläfer Extremely Rare
E
Eliomys quercinus (Linné, 1766) Gartenschläfer Highly Threatened
Eptesicus nilssonii (Keyserling & Blasius, 1839) Nordfledermaus Threatened
Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774) Breitflügelfledermaus Threatened
Equus ferus Boddaert, 1785 Wildpferd Extinct or Lost
Erinaceus europaeus Linné, 1758 Westigel Near Threatened
Erinaceus roumanicus Barrett-Hamilton, 1900 Ostigel Extinct or Lost
Eutamias sibiricus (Laxmann, 1769) Sibirisches Streifenhörnchen Not established
F
Felis catus Linné, 1758 Hauskatze Not established
Felis silvestris silvestris Schreber, 1777 Wildkatze Threatened
G
Glis glis (Linné, 1766) Siebenschläfer Not Threatened
H
Halichoerus grypus atlanticus Nehring, 1886 Atlantische Kegelrobbe Threatened
Halichoerus grypus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) Baltische Kegelrobbe Highly Threatened
Homo sapiens Linné, 1758 Mensch Not Evaluated
Hypsugo savii (Bonaparte, 1837) Alpenfledermaus Extremely Rare
L
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Gray, 1828) Weißseitendelfin Not established
Lagenorhynchus albirostris Gray, 1846 Weißschnauzendelfin Extremely Rare
Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 Feldhase Threatened
Lepus timidus Linné, 1758 Schneehase Extremely Rare
Lutra lutra (Linné, 1758) Fischotter Threatened
Lynx lynx (Linné, 1758) Luchs Threatened with Extinction
M
Marmota marmota (Linné, 1758) Alpenmurmeltier Not Threatened
Martes foina (Erxleben, 1777) Steinmarder Not Threatened
Martes martes (Linné, 1758) Baummarder Near Threatened
Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) Buckelwal Not established
Meles meles (Linné, 1758) Dachs Not Threatened
Micromys minutus (Pallas, 1771) Zwergmaus Near Threatened
Microtus agrestis (Linné, 1761) Erdmaus Not Threatened
Microtus arvalis (Pallas, 1778) Feldmaus Not Threatened
Microtus liechtensteini bavaricus (König, 1962) Bayerische Kleinwühlmaus Extinct or Lost
Microtus subterraneus (De Selys-Longchamps, 1836) Kleinwühlmaus Data Deficient
Miniopterus schreibersii (Kuhl, 1817) Langflügelfledermaus Extinct or Lost
Mus domesticus domesticus E. Schwarz & H.K. Schwarz, 1943 Westliche Hausmaus Not Threatened
Mus domesticus helgolandicus Zimmermann, 1953 Helgoländer Hausmaus Extremely Rare
Mus musculus Linné, 1758 Östliche Hausmaus Not Threatened
Muscardinus avellanarius (Linné, 1758) Haselmaus Near Threatened
Mustela erminea Linné, 1758 Hermelin Data Deficient
Mustela eversmanii Lesson, 1827 Steppeniltis Not established
Mustela lutreola (Linné, 1761) Europäischer Nerz Extinct or Lost
Mustela nivalis Linné, 1766 Mauswiesel Data Deficient
Mustela putorius Linné, 1758 Iltis Threatened
Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782) Nutria Not Evaluated
Myodes glareolus (Schreber, 1780) Rötelmaus Not Threatened
Myotis alcathoe von Helversen & Heller, 2001 Nymphenfledermaus Threatened with Extinction
Myotis bechsteinii (Kuhl, 1817) Bechsteinfledermaus Highly Threatened
Myotis brandtii (Eversmann, 1845) Große Bartfledermaus Not Threatened
Myotis dasycneme (Boie, 1825) Teichfledermaus Threat of Unknown Extent
Myotis daubentonii (Kuhl, 1817) Wasserfledermaus Not Threatened
Myotis emarginatus (E. Geoffroy, 1806) Wimperfledermaus Highly Threatened
Myotis myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797) Großes Mausohr Not Threatened
Myotis mystacinus (Kuhl, 1817) Kleine Bartfledermaus Not Threatened
Myotis nattereri nattereri (Kuhl, 1817) Fransenfledermaus Not Threatened
N
Neomys anomalus milleri Mottaz, 1907 Sumpfspitzmaus Highly Threatened
Neomys fodiens (Pennant, 1771) Wasserspitzmaus Near Threatened
Neovison vison (Schreber, 1777) Mink Not Evaluated
Nyctalus leisleri (Kuhl, 1817) Kleinabendsegler Data Deficient
Nyctalus noctula noctula (Schreber, 1774) Großer Abendsegler Near Threatened
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834) Marderhund Not Evaluated
O
Ondatra zibethicus (Linné, 1766) Bisam Not Evaluated
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linné, 1758) Wildkaninchen Near Threatened
Ovis orientalis Gmelin, 1774 Mufflon Not Evaluated
P
Phoca vitulina vitulina Linné, 1758 Seehund Threat of Unknown Extent
Phocoena phocoena phocoena (Linné, 1758) Schweinswal Highly Threatened
Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl, 1817) Weißrandfledermaus Not Threatened
Pipistrellus nathusii (Keyserling & Blasius, 1839) Rauhautfledermaus Not Threatened
Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774) Zwergfledermaus Not Threatened
Pipistrellus pygmaeus (Leach, 1825) Mückenfledermaus Not Threatened
Plecotus auritus (Linné, 1758) Braunes Langohr Threatened
Plecotus austriacus (J. Fischer, 1829) Graues Langohr Threatened with Extinction
Procyon lotor (Linné, 1758) Waschbär Not Evaluated
R
Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769) Wanderratte Not Threatened
Rattus rattus (Linné, 1758) Hausratte Threatened with Extinction
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Schreber, 1774) Große Hufeisennase Threatened with Extinction
Rhinolophus hipposideros (Bechstein, 1800) Kleine Hufeisennase Highly Threatened
Rupicapra rupicapra (Linné, 1758) Gämse Near Threatened
S
Sciurus vulgaris Linné, 1758 Eichhörnchen Not Threatened
Sicista betulina (Pallas, 1779) Waldbirkenmaus Highly Threatened
Sorex alpinus Schinz, 1837 Alpenspitzmaus Threat of Unknown Extent
Sorex araneus Linné, 1758 Waldspitzmaus Not Threatened
Sorex coronatus Millet, 1828 Schabrackenspitzmaus Not Threatened
Sorex minutus Linné, 1766 Zwergspitzmaus Not Threatened
Spermophilus citellus (Linné, 1766) Europäisches Ziesel Extinct or Lost
Sus scrofa Linné, 1758 Wildschwein Not Threatened
T
Talpa europaea Linné, 1758 Maulwurf Not Threatened
Tamias striatus (Linné, 1758) Streifen-Backenhörnchen Not established
Tamiops cf. swinhoei (Milne-Edwards, 1874) Baumstreifenhörnchen Not established
Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821) Großer Tümmler Extinct or Lost
U
Ursus arctos Linné, 1758 Braunbär Extinct or Lost
V
Vespertilio murinus Linné, 1758 Zweifarbfledermaus Data Deficient
Vulpes vulpes (Linné, 1758) Fuchs Not Threatened