Gnitzen (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)

German Red List

Havelka, P. (2016): Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Gnitzen (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) Deutschlands. – In: Gruttke, H., Balzer, S., Binot-Hafke, M., Haupt, H., Hofbauer, N., Ludwig, G., Matzke-Hajek, G. & Ries, M. (Bearb.): Rote Liste der gefährdeten Tiere, Pflanzen und Pilze Deutschlands. Band 4: Wirbellose Tiere (Teil 2). – Bonn (Bundesamt für Naturschutz). – Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70 (4): 33–66.

Comment: The German national Red List threat categories do not correspond with the international IUCN categories. 

Checklist

Scientific name German name Threat Category
A
Allohelea tessellata (Zetterstedt, 1850) Not Threatened
Alluaudomyia altlocei Delécolle & Rieb, 1989 Not established
Alluaudomyia bertrandi Harant & Cellier, 1949 Not established
Alluaudomyia hygropetrica Vaillant, 1954 Not established
Alluaudomyia limosa Clastrier, 1961 Not established
Alluaudomyia meridiana Clastrier, 1978 Not established
Alluaudomyia needhami Thomsen, 1935 Not Threatened
Alluaudomyia quadripunctata (Goetghebuer, 1934) Not established
Alluaudomyia riparia Clastrier, 1978 Not Threatened
Alluaudomyia siebenschwabi Havelka, 1982 Not established
Alluaudomyia splendida (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon aethiops (Goetghebuer, 1920) Threat of Unknown Extent
Atrichopogon albiscapulus Kieffer, 1918 Data Deficient
Atrichopogon appendiculatus (Goetghebuer, 1920) Not established
Atrichopogon atribarbus Kieffer, 1922 Data Deficient
Atrichopogon avastensis Remm, 1959 Not established
Atrichopogon brunnipes (Meigen, 1804) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon flavolineatus (Strobl, 1880) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon forcipatus (Winnertz, 1852) Threat of Unknown Extent
Atrichopogon fusculus (Coquillett, 1901) Not established
Atrichopogon fuscus (Meigen, 1804) Threat of Unknown Extent
Atrichopogon griseolus Zetterstedt, 1855 Not established
Atrichopogon hirtidorsum Remm, 1961 Threat of Unknown Extent
Atrichopogon infuscus Goethgebuer, 1929 Not established
Atrichopogon longicalcar Remm, 1961 Not Threatened
Atrichopogon longiserrus (Kieffer, 1921) Extinct or Lost
Atrichopogon lucorum (Meigen, 1818) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon minutus (Meigen, 1830) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon miripalpis Kieffer, 1924 Not established
Atrichopogon muelleri (Müller, 1905) Extinct or Lost
Atrichopogon oedemerarum Storå, 1939 Data Deficient
Atrichopogon paulus Remm, 1961 Not established
Atrichopogon pavidus (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon pollinivorus Downes, 1955 Not established
Atrichopogon psilopterus Kieffer, 1919 Not established
Atrichopogon rostratus (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon setosipennis (Kieffer, 1911) Not Threatened
Atrichopogon speculiger Nielsen, 1951 Not established
Atrichopogon thienemanni Kieffer, 1921 Extinct or Lost
Atrichopogon unilineatus Remm, 1967 Not established
Atrichopogon winnertzi Goetghebuer, 1922 Not Threatened
B
Bezzia affinis (Staeger, 1839) Not established
Bezzia albicornis (Meigen, 1818) Extinct or Lost
Bezzia annulipes (Meigen, 1830) Not Threatened
Bezzia bicolor (Meigen, 1804) Not Threatened
Bezzia bohemica Kieffer, 1919 Not established
Bezzia calceata (Walker, 1856) Data Deficient
Bezzia coracina (Zetterstedt, 1850) Not Threatened
Bezzia elongata Zilahi-Sebess, 1940 Not established
Bezzia exigua Goetghebuer, 1935 Not established
Bezzia fascispinosa Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Bezzia fenestrata Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Bezzia flavicornis (Staeger, 1839) Data Deficient
Bezzia fuliginata Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Bezzia fuscifemoris Remm, 1971 Not established
Bezzia gandavensis Goetghebuer, 1935 Not established
Bezzia gracilipes (Winnertz, 1852) Threat of Unknown Extent
Bezzia kazlauskasi Remm, 1966 Threat of Unknown Extent
Bezzia kiefferiana Goetghebuer, 1934 Data Deficient
Bezzia leucogaster (Zetterstedt, 1850) Not Threatened
Bezzia multiannulata (Strobl, 1905) Not established
Bezzia nigrita Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Bezzia nigritula (Zetterstedt, 1838) Not established
Bezzia nobilis (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Bezzia nodisipes Kieffer, 1924 Not established
Bezzia ornata (Meigen, 1830) Threat of Unknown Extent
Bezzia palustris Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Bezzia pygmaea Goethgebuer, 1920 Not established
Bezzia rufifascies Goetghebuer, 1932 Data Deficient
Bezzia signata (Meigen, 1804) Near Threatened
Bezzia solstitialis (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Bezzia taeniata (Haliday in Walker, 1856) Not established
Bezzia winnertziana Kieffer, 1919 Not Threatened
Bezzia xanthogaster (Kieffer, 1919) Not established
Brachypogon nieves (Havelka, 1976) Near Threatened
Brachypogon vitiosus (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
C
Ceratoculicoides moravicus Knoz, 1987 Not Threatened
Ceratoculicoides tontoeguri (Havelka, 1980) Threatened
Ceratopogon communis Meigen, 1804 Data Deficient
Ceratopogon crassinervis (Goetghebuer, 1920) Not established
Ceratopogon defectus Meunier, 1904 Not established
Ceratopogon grandiforceps (Kieffer, 1913) Not Threatened
Ceratopogon lacteipennis Zetterstedt, 1838 Not established
Ceratopogon magniforceps (Kieffer, 1925) Not established
Ceratopogon magnipalpis Clastrier, 1961 Not established
Ceratopogon nitidulus (Edwards, 1921) Not established
Ceratopogon niveipennis Meigen, 1818 Threat of Unknown Extent
Ceratopogon silecis Szadziewski, 1990 Not established
Ceratopogon thienemanni (Mayer, 1940) Not established
Ceratopogon turkestanicus Remm, 1974 Not established
Ceratopogon vaillanti (Mayer, 1955) Not established
Clinohelea unimaculata (Macquart, 1826) Not Threatened
Culicoides abchazicus Dzhafarov, 1964 Not established
Culicoides achrayi Kettle & Lawson, 1955 Not Evaluated
Culicoides alazanicus Dzhafarov, 1961 Not established
Culicoides albicans (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Culicoides brunnicans Edwards, 1939 Not established
Culicoides cameroni Campbell & Pelham-Clinton, 1960 Not Threatened
Culicoides cataneii Clastrier, 1957 Not established
Culicoides chiopterus (Meigen, 1830) Not Evaluated
Culicoides circumscriptus Kieffer, 1918 Not Threatened
Culicoides clastrieri Callot, Kremer & Deduit, 1962 Data Deficient
Culicoides clintoni Boorman, 1984 Not established
Culicoides comosioculatus Tokunaga, 1956 Data Deficient
Culicoides deltus Edwards in Edwards et al., 1939 Not Threatened
Culicoides dewulfi Goetghebuer, 1936 Not Evaluated
Culicoides duddingstoni Kettle & Lawson, 1955 Not Threatened
Culicoides fagineus Edwards, 1939 Not established
Culicoides fascipennis (Staeger, 1839) Not Threatened
Culicoides festivipennis Kieffer, 1914 Not Threatened
Culicoides furcillatus Callot, Kremer & Paradis, 1962 Not Threatened
Culicoides grisescens Edwards, 1939 Not established
Culicoides heliophilus Edwards, 1921 Data Deficient
Culicoides helveticus Callot, Kremer & Deduit, 1962 Not established
Culicoides impunctatus Goetghebuer, 1920 Not Threatened
Culicoides jurensis Callot, Kremer & Deduit, 1962 Not Threatened
Culicoides kibunensis Tokunaga, 1937 Not Threatened
Culicoides longicollis Glukhova, 1971 Not established
Culicoides manchuriensis Tokunaga, 1941 Not Threatened
Culicoides maritimus Kieffer, 1924 Data Deficient
Culicoides newsteadi Austen, 1921 Not Evaluated
Culicoides nubeculosus (Meigen, 1830) Not Threatened
Culicoides obsoletus (Meigen, 1818) Not Evaluated
Culicoides pallidicornis Kieffer, 1919 Not Threatened
Culicoides parroti Kieffer, 1922 Not established
Culicoides pictipennis (Staeger, 1839) Not Threatened
Culicoides poperinghensis Goetghebuer, 1953 Not Threatened
Culicoides pseudoheliophilus Callot & Kremer, 1961 Not Threatened
Culicoides pulicaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Not Evaluated
Culicoides pumilus (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Culicoides punctatus (Meigen, 1804) Not Evaluated
Culicoides reconditus Campbell & Pelham-Clinton, 1960 Not Threatened
Culicoides riethi Kieffer, 1914 Not Threatened
Culicoides saevus Kieffer, 1922 Not established
Culicoides salinarius Kieffer, 1914 Not Threatened
Culicoides scoticus Downes & Kettle, 1952 Not Evaluated
Culicoides segnis Campbell & Pelham-Clinton, 1960 Not Threatened
Culicoides semimaculatus Clastrier, 1958 Data Deficient
Culicoides simulator Edwards, 1939 Not established
Culicoides slovacus Országh, 1969 Not established
Culicoides sphagnumensis Williams, 1955 Not established
Culicoides stigma (Meigen, 1818) Not Threatened
Culicoides subfasciipennis Kieffer, 1919 Not Threatened
Culicoides tauricus Gutsevich, 1959 Not Threatened
Culicoides truncorum Edwards in Edwards et al., 1939 Not Threatened
Culicoides vexans (Staeger, 1839) Not Threatened
D
Dasyhelea abhazica Remm, 1967 Not established
Dasyhelea aithalodes Remm, 1971 Data Deficient
Dasyhelea albuverrucosa Remm, 1967 Not established
Dasyhelea auli Remm, 1962 Not established
Dasyhelea baltica Remm, 1966 Not established
Dasyhelea bicrenata Kieffer, 1923 Not established
Dasyhelea bifida Zilahi-Sebess, 1936 Not established
Dasyhelea bilineata Goetghebuer, 1920 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea bilobata Kieffer, 1915 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea biunguis Kieffer, 1925 Not established
Dasyhelea calycata Remm, 1972 Not established
Dasyhelea coarctata Kieffer, 1914 Not established
Dasyhelea dampfi Kieffer, 1925 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea dieuzeidei (Vaillant, 1957) Not Threatened
Dasyhelea diplosis Kieffer, 1914 Threatened
Dasyhelea erici Havelka, 1978 Not established
Dasyhelea europaea Remm, 1962 Not established
Dasyhelea flavifrons (Guérin-Méneville, 1833) Not Threatened
Dasyhelea flaviventris (Goetghebuer, 1910) Not Threatened
Dasyhelea flavoscutellata (Zetterstedt, 1850) Not Threatened
Dasyhelea franzella Goetghebuer, 1950 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea holosericea (Meigen, 1804) Threat of Unknown Extent
Dasyhelea inclusa Kieffer, 1918 Extinct or Lost
Dasyhelea leptocladus Remm, 1967 Not established
Dasyhelea littoralis Goetghebuer, 1934 Not established
Dasyhelea lucida Remm in Remm & Zhogolev, 1968 Not established
Dasyhelea malleola Remm, 1962 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea modesta (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Dasyhelea notata Goetghebuer, 1920 Near Threatened
Dasyhelea pallidiventris (Goetghebuer, 1931) Not Threatened
Dasyhelea paludicola Kieffer, 1925 Data Deficient
Dasyhelea polita Edwards, 1921 Not established
Dasyhelea punctiventris Goetghebuer, 1940 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea sericata (Winnertz, 1852) Threat of Unknown Extent
Dasyhelea similaris Remm, 1972 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea stellata Remm in Remm & Zhogolev, 1968 Not established
Dasyhelea tessicola Remm, 1972 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea turanicola Remm & Nazarmukhamedov, 1969 Not Threatened
Dasyhelea turficola Kieffer, 1925 Not Threatened
F
Forcipomyia acidicola (Tokunaga, 1937) Data Deficient
Forcipomyia alacris (Winnertz, 1852) Near Threatened
Forcipomyia allocera Rieth, 1915 Extinct or Lost
Forcipomyia altaica Remm, 1972 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia apricans (Kieffer, 1919) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia aquatica Kieffer, 1922 Not Threatened
Forcipomyia bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1767) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia biskraensis Kieffer, 1923 Not established
Forcipomyia bitensis Kieffer, 1924 Not established
Forcipomyia borealis Remm, 1966 Not established
Forcipomyia braueri (Wasman, 1893) Not established
Forcipomyia brevipedicillata (Kieffer, 1901) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia brevipennis (Macquart, 1826) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia ciliata (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia corticis Kieffer, 1911 Threat of Unknown Extent
Forcipomyia costata (Zetterstedt, 1838) Data Deficient
Forcipomyia crassipes (Winnertz, 1852) Data Deficient
Forcipomyia dichromata Remm in Remm & Zhogolev, 1968 Not established
Forcipomyia eques (Johannsen, 1908) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia formicaria Kieffer in Kieffer & Thienemann, 1908 Not established
Forcipomyia frutetorum (Winnertz, 1852) Threat of Unknown Extent
Forcipomyia fuliginosa (Meigen, 1818) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia glauca Macfie, 1934 Threat of Unknown Extent
Forcipomyia guilleaumei Goetghebuer, 1935 Not established
Forcipomyia hygrophila Kieffer, 1925 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia kaltenbachi (Winnertz, 1852) Threat of Unknown Extent
Forcipomyia knockensis Goetghebuer, 1938 Threat of Unknown Extent
Forcipomyia lepida (Winnertz, 1852) Data Deficient
Forcipomyia litoraurea (Ingram & Macfie, 1924) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia manchuriensis Tokunaga, 1941 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia monilicornis (Coquillett, 1905) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia murina (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia myrmecophila (Egger, 1863) Not established
Forcipomyia nigra (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia nigrans Remm, 1962 Not Threatened
Forcipomyia pallida (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia paludis (Macfie, 1936) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia palustris (Meigen, 1804) Near Threatened
Forcipomyia perflavida Remm, 1971 Not established
Forcipomyia phlebotomoides Bangerter, 1933 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia pontica Remm in Remm & Zhogolev, 1968 Not established
Forcipomyia psilonota Kieffer, 1911 Not established
Forcipomyia pulchrithorax Edwards in Saunders, 1924 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia radicicola Edwards, 1924 Not Threatened
Forcipomyia regula (Winnertz, 1852) Data Deficient
Forcipomyia resinicola Kieffer, 1901 Not established
Forcipomyia rugosa Chan & Le Roux, 1970 Not established
Forcipomyia sahariensis Kieffer, 1923 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia sanguinolenta Kieffer, 1925 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia scapularis Goetghebuer, 1932 Not established
Forcipomyia sibirica (Buyanova, 1962) Not established
Forcipomyia sphagnophila Kieffer, 1925 Near Threatened
Forcipomyia suberis Clastrier, 1956 Data Deficient
Forcipomyia tenuis (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia tenuisquama Kieffer, 1924 Not Threatened
Forcipomyia titillans (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia tonnoiri (Goetghebuer, 1920) Not Threatened
Forcipomyia trilineata Goetghebuer, 1934 Not established
Forcipomyia ussurica Remm, 1971 Not established
Forcipomyia velox (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
I
Isohelea alpinus (Clastrier, 1961) Not Threatened
Isohelea perpusillus (Edwards, 1921) Not Threatened
Isohelea sociabilis (Goetghebuer, 1920) Not Threatened
K
Kolenohelea calcarata (Goetghebuer, 1920) Threat of Unknown Extent
M
Macropeza albitarsis Meigen, 1818 Data Deficient
Mallochohelea alpina (Clastrier, 1962) Not established
Mallochohelea inermis (Kieffer, 1909) Not Threatened
Mallochohelea munda (Loew, 1864) Threat of Unknown Extent
Mallochohelea nitida (Macquart, 1826) Not Threatened
Mallochohelea remota (Kieffer, 1919) Not established
Mallochohelea setigera (Loew, 1864) Threat of Unknown Extent
Mallochohelea vernalis Remm, 1965 Not established
Monohelea estonica Remm, 1965 Not established
Monohelea incerta Clastrier, 1963 Not established
Monohelea lampropeza Remm, 1967 Not established
N
Neurohelea luteitarsis (Waltl, 1837) Extinct or Lost
Nilobezzia posticata (Zetterstedt, 1850) Not established
P
Palpomyia armipes (Meigen, 1838) Threatened
Palpomyia aterrima Goetghebuer, 1921 Not established
Palpomyia brachialis (Haliday, 1833) Not Threatened
Palpomyia distincta (Haliday, 1833) Not Threatened
Palpomyia flavipes (Meigen, 1804) Not Threatened
Palpomyia grossipes Goetghebuer, 1920 Not established
Palpomyia korni Havelka, 1980 Data Deficient
Palpomyia lineata (Meigen, 1804) Not Threatened
Palpomyia luteifemorata Edwards, 1926 Not established
Palpomyia macracantha Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Palpomyia magnispinosa Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Palpomyia nigrina Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Palpomyia nigripecta Kieffer, 1919 Extinct or Lost
Palpomyia nigripes (Meigen, 1830) Not Threatened
Palpomyia obscurella Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Palpomyia panacantha Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Palpomyia polyacantha Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Palpomyia praeusta (Loew, 1869) Not Threatened
Palpomyia puberula Remm, 1976 Not Threatened
Palpomyia quadrispinosa Goetghebuer, 1920 Not established
Palpomyia raignieri Goetghebuer, 1920 Not established
Palpomyia remmi Havelka, 1974 Not Threatened
Palpomyia rietscheli Havelka, 1997 Not established
Palpomyia rufipes (Meigen, 1818) Data Deficient
Palpomyia semiermis Goetghebuer, 1914 Extinct or Lost
Palpomyia serripes (Meigen, 1818) Not Threatened
Palpomyia spinipes (Meigen in Panzer, 1806) Threat of Unknown Extent
Palpomyia succincta (Meigen, 1818) Data Deficient
Palpomyia terrea (Meigen, 1818) Not Threatened
Palpomyia tibialis (Meigen, 1818) Not Threatened
Palpomyia tinctipennis Kieffer, 1919 Threatened
Palpomyia vallouisensis Clastrier, 1962 Not established
Palpomyia variipilus Kieffer, 1924 Not established
Palpomyia zernyi Goetghebuer, 1934 Not established
Phaenobezzia rubiginosa (Winnertz, 1852) Not Threatened
Probezzia concinna (Meigen, 1818) Data Deficient
Probezzia seminigra (Panzer, 1798) Not Threatened
S
Schizohelea leucopeza (Meigen, 1804) Not Threatened
Serromyia atra (Meigen, 1818) Near Threatened
Serromyia femorata (Meigen, 1804) Not Threatened
Serromyia ledicola Kieffer, 1925 Threat of Unknown Extent
Serromyia morio (Fabricius, 1775) Near Threatened
Serromyia rufitarsis (Meigen, 1818) Not Threatened
Serromyia scirpi Kieffer, 1901 Not established
Serromyia subinermis Kieffer, 1919 Not Threatened
Sphaeromias fasciatus (Meigen, 1804) Not Threatened
Sphaeromias pictus (Meigen, 1818) Near Threatened
Stilobezzia cereola Clastrier, 1963 Not established
Stilobezzia flavirostris (Winnertz, 1852) Data Deficient
Stilobezzia fuscidorsum Kieffer, 1921 Extinct or Lost
Stilobezzia gracilis (Haliday, 1833) Not Threatened
Stilobezzia lutacea Edwards, 1926 Not established
Stilobezzia ochracea (Winnertz, 1852) Threat of Unknown Extent