Meeresfische und -neunaugen (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii & Petromyzontida)

German Red List

Thiel, R.; Winkler, H.; Böttcher, U.; Dänhardt, A.; Fricke, R.; George, M.; Kloppmann, M.; Schaarschmidt, T.; Ubl, C. & Vorberg, R. (2013): Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der etablierten Fische und Neunaugen (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii & Petromyzontida) der marinen Gewässer Deutschlands. – In: Becker, N., Haupt, H., Hofbauer, N., Ludwig, G. & Nehring, S. (Bearb.): Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere, Pflanzen und Pilze Deutschlands. Band 2: Meeresorganismen. – Bonn (Bundesamt für Naturschutz). – Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70 (2) : 11–76.

Comment: The German national Red List threat categories do not correspond with the international IUCN categories.

Checklist

Scientific name German name Threat Category
Z
Zoarces viviparus (Linnaeus, 1758) Aalmutter Not Threatened
Zeus faber Linnaeus, 1758 Heringskönig Not established
Zeugopterus punctatus (Bloch, 1787) Haarbutt Data Deficient
X
Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758 Schwertfisch Not established
T
Trisopterus minutus (Linnaeus, 1758) Zwergdorsch Threatened
Trisopterus luscus (Linnaeus, 1758) Franzosendorsch Near Threatened
Trisopterus esmarkii (Nilsson, 1855) Stintdorsch Not Threatened
Triglops murrayi Günther, 1888 Murrays Groppe Not established
Trigloporus lastoviza (Bonnaterre, 1788) Gestreifter Knurrhahn, Faltenknurrhahn Not established
Trigla lyra Linnaeus, 1758 Leierknurrhahn Not established
Trachurus trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758) Stöcker, Holzmakrele Not Threatened
Trachinus draco Linnaeus, 1758 Großes Petermännchen Threatened
Trachinotus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Palometa, Gabelmakrele Not established
Torpedo nobiliana Bonaparte, 1835 Schwarzer Zitterrochen Not established
Torpedo marmorata Risso, 1810 Marmor-Zitterrochen, Marmorierter Zitterrochen Not established
Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Roter Thun Not established
Taurulus bubalis (Euphrasen, 1786) Seebull Data Deficient
Taractichthys longipinnis (Lowe, 1843) Langflossen-Brachsenmakrele Not established
Taractes asper Lowe, 1843 Kleine Brachsenmakrele, Segelflossen-Brachsenmakrele Not established
S
Syngnathus typhle Linnaeus, 1758 Grasnadel Not Threatened
Syngnathus rostellatus Nilsson, 1855 Kleine Seenadel Not Threatened
Syngnathus acus Linnaeus, 1758 Große Seenadel Threat of Unknown Extent
Symphodus melops (Linnaeus, 1758) Goldmaid, Augenfleck-Lippfisch Data Deficient
Symphodus bailloni (Valenciennes, 1839) Zweifleck-Lippfisch Not established
Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758) Meerengel Not established
Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758 Dornhai Threatened with Extinction
Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus, 1758) Sprotte Not Threatened
Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758) Streifenbrasse, Brandbrasse Not established
Spinachia spinachia (Linnaeus, 1758) Seestichling Highly Threatened
Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) Gewöhnlicher Hammerhai, Gemeiner Hammerhai Not established
Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Eishai Not established
Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) Seezunge Near Threatened
Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Sägebarsch Not established
Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Großgefleckter Katzenhai Not established
Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758) Kleingefleckter Katzenhai Not Threatened
Scophthalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758) Glattbutt Not Threatened
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) Steinbutt Near Threatened
Scomberesox saurus saurus (Walbaum, 1792) Makrelenhecht Not established
Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantische Makrele Near Threatened
Scomber colias Gmelin, 1789 Mittelmeermakrele Not established
Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) Sardine Not Threatened
Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793) Pelamide Not established
R
Remora remora (Linnaeus, 1758) Gemeiner Schiffshalter Not established
Regalecus glesne Ascanius, 1772 Riemenfisch Not established
Raniceps raninus (Linnaeus, 1758) Froschdorsch Data Deficient
Rajella fyllae (Lütken, 1887) Fyllarochen Not established
Raja undulata Lacépède, 1802 Perlrochen Not established
Raja montagui Fowler, 1910 Fleckrochen Extremely Rare
Raja microocellata Montagu, 1818 Kleinäugiger Rochen Not established
Raja clavata Linnaeus, 1758 Nagelrochen Threatened with Extinction
Raja brachyura Lafont, 1873 Blondrochen Not established
P
Pterycombus brama Fries, 1837 Silberbrassen Not established
Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) Blauhai Not established
Pomatoschistus pictus (Malm, 1865) Fleckengrundel Data Deficient
Pomatoschistus norvegicus (Collett, 1902) Norwegergrundel Not established
Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770) Sandgrundel Not Threatened
Pomatoschistus microps (Krøyer, 1838) Strandgrundel Not Threatened
Pomatoschistus lozanoi (de Buen, 1923) Lozanos Grundel Data Deficient
Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Wrackbarsch Not established
Pollachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758) Seelachs, Köhler Not Threatened
Pollachius pollachius (Linnaeus, 1758) Pollack, Steinköhler Extremely Rare
Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758 Scholle Not Threatened
Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus, 1758) Flunder Not Threatened
Phycis blennoides (Brünnich, 1768) Großer Gabeldorsch Not established
Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Günther, 1862) Zwergbutt Not Threatened
Pholis gunnellus (Linnaeus, 1758) Butterfisch Not Threatened
Parablennius ruber (Valenciennes, 1836) Portugiesischer Schleimfisch Not established
Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Rotbrasse Not established
Pagellus bogaraveo (Brünnich, 1768) Graubarsch Not established
Pagellus acarne (Risso, 1827) Achselfleckbrasse Not established
O
Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817) Einfarbiger Pelamide Not established
N
Nerophis ophidion (Linnaeus, 1758) Kleine Schlangennadel Not Threatened
Nerophis lumbriciformis (Jenyns, 1835) Krummschnauzige Schlangennadel Not established
M
Myxine glutinosa Linnaeus, 1758 Inger, Schleimaal Not established
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758) Seeskorpion Not Threatened
Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758) Adlerrochen Not established
Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1821 Weißgefleckter Glatthai Data Deficient
Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758 Streifenbarbe Not Threatened
Mullus barbatus barbatus Linnaeus, 1758 Rote Meerbarbe Not established
Molva molva (Linnaeus, 1758) Leng Threat of Unknown Extent
Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758) Mondfisch Not established
Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792) Limande, Rotzunge Not Threatened
Micromesistius poutassou (Risso, 1827) Blauer Wittling Not established
Micrenophrys lilljeborgii (Collett, 1875) Zwergseeskorpion Data Deficient
Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758) Seehecht Data Deficient
Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) Wittling Not Threatened
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Schellfisch Highly Threatened
Maurolicus muelleri (Gmelin, 1789) Lachshering Not established
Macrorhamphosus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758) Gewöhnlicher Schnepfenfisch Not established
L
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (Walbaum, 1792) Spitzschwänziger Bandfisch Threatened with Extinction
Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus, 1758 Seeteufel Data Deficient
Lophius budegassa Spinola, 1807 Kleiner Seeteufel, Schwarzer Seeteufel Not established
Liza ramada (Risso, 1827) Dünnlippige Meeräsche Not established
Liza aurata (Risso, 1810) Goldmeeräsche Not established
Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus, 1758) Schan Not established
Liparis montagui (Donovan, 1804) Kleiner Scheibenbauch Data Deficient
Liparis liparis (Linnaeus, 1766) Großer Scheibenbauch Not Threatened
Limanda limanda (Linnaeus, 1758) Kliesche, Scharbe Not Threatened
Leucoraja naevus (Müller & Henle, 1841) Kuckucksrochen Extremely Rare
Leucoraja fullonica (Linnaeus, 1758) Chagrinrochen Not established
Leucoraja circularis (Couch, 1838) Sandrochen Not established
Lesueurigobius friesii (Malm,1874) Fries-Grundel, Spitzschwänzige Grundel Not established
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (Walbaum, 1792) Flügelbutt Not Threatened
Lepidorhombus boscii (Risso, 1810) Gefleckter Flügelbutt Not established
Lebetus scorpioides (Collett, 1874) Skorpiongrundel Not established
Lebetus guilleti (La Danois, 1913) Guillet-Grundel, Zwerggrundel Not established
Lampris guttatus (Brünnich, 1788) Gotteslachs Not established
Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Heringshai Not established
Labrus mixtus Linnaeus, 1758 Kuckuckslippfisch Not established
Labrus bergylta Ascanius, 1767 Gefleckter Lippfisch Extremely Rare
H
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Le Sauvage, 1824) Gefleckter Großer Sandaal Data Deficient
Hyperoplus immaculatus (Corbin, 1950) Ungefleckter Großer Sandaal Data Deficient
Hippoglossoides platessoides (Fabricius, 1780) Doggerscharbe Not Threatened
Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758) Kurzschnäuziges Seepferdchen Data Deficient
Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Großer Grauhai Not established
G
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain, 1879) Nacktsandaal Not established
Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius, 1779) Schwimmgrundel Not Threatened
Gobius niger Linnaeus, 1758 Schwarzgrundel Not Threatened
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758) Hundszunge Not Threatened
Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810 Fleckhai Not established
Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758) Hundshai Highly Threatened
Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet, 1824) Dreibärtelige Seequappe Data Deficient
Gadus morhua Linnaeus, 1758 Dorsch Not Threatened
E
Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus, 1758) Grauer Knurrhahn Not Threatened
Entelurus aequoreus (Linnaeus, 1758) Große Schlangennadel Threat of Unknown Extent
Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758) Sardelle Not Threatened
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766) Vierbärtelige Seequappe Not Threatened
Echiodon drummondii Thompson, 1837 Eingeweidefisch Not established
Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier, 1829) Kleines Petermännchen Not Threatened
D
Dipturus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus,1758) Spitzrochen Not established
Dipturus batis (Linnaeus, 1758) Glattrochen Threatened with Extinction
Diplecogaster bimaculata bimaculata (Bonnaterre, 1788) Zweiflecken-Ansauger, Doppelfleckiger Haftfisch Not established
Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) Wolfsbarsch Not Threatened
Dentex maroccanus Valenciennes, 1830 Marokko-Zahnbrassen, Marokko-Meerbrasse Not established
Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758) Stechrochen Highly Threatened
C
Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758 Seehase Not Threatened
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Linnaeus, 1758) Klippenbarsch Not Threatened
Crystallogobius linearis (Düben, 1845) Kristallgrundel Not Threatened
Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus, 1758 Kleine Goldmakrele Not established
Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758) Meeraal Data Deficient
Clupea harengus Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantischer Hering Not Threatened
Ciliata septentrionalis (Collett, 1875) Nördliche Fünfbärtelige Seequappe, Nordische Seequappe Not established
Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus, 1758) Fünfbärtelige Seequappe Not Threatened
Chirolophis ascanii (Walbaum, 1792) Stachelrücken-Schleimfisch Extinct or Lost
Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus, 1758 Seeratte Not established
Chelon labrosus (Risso, 1827) Dicklippige Meeräsche Not Threatened
Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus, 1758) Roter Knurrhahn Not Threatened
Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Seekuckuck Not established
Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque, 1810) Fliegender Fisch, Not established
Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) Riesenhai Not established
Centrolophus niger (Gmelin, 1789) Schwarzfisch Not established
Centrolabrus exoletus (Linnaeus, 1758) Kleinmäuliger Lippfisch Not established
Capros aper (Linnaeus, 1758) Eberfisch Not established
Callionymus reticulatus Valenciennes, 1837 Ornamentleierfisch, Gebänderter Leierfisch Data Deficient
Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque, 1810 Gefleckter Leierfisch Data Deficient
Callionymus lyra Linnaeus, 1758 Gestreifter Leierfisch Not Threatened
B
Buglossidium luteum (Risso, 1810) Zwergzunge, Glaszunge Not Threatened
Buenia jeffreysii (Günther, 1867) Jeffrey-Grundel Not established
Brama brama (Bonnaterre, 1788) Brachsenmakrele Not established
Boops boops (Linnaeus, 1758) Gelbstrieme, Not established
Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) Hornhecht Not Threatened
Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789 Grauer Drückerfisch Not established
A
Atherina presbyter Cuvier, 1829 Gemeiner Ährenfisch Data Deficient
Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 Kleiner Ährenfisch Not established
Arnoglossus laterna (Walbaum, 1792) Lammzunge Not Threatened
Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801) Adlerfisch Not established
Aphia minuta (Risso, 1810) Glasgrundel Not Threatened
Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Europäischer Aal Highly Threatened
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 Gemeiner Seewolf Threat of Unknown Extent
Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer, 1845 Blauer Seewolf, Not established
Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus, 1758 Kleiner Sandaal Data Deficient
Ammodytes marinus Raitt, 1934 Sandaal Data Deficient
Amblyraja radiata (Donovan, 1808) Sternrochen Threatened
Alosa fallax (Lacépède, 1803) Finte Threatened
Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Fuchshai Not established
Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus, 1758) Steinpicker Not Threatened
Acantholabrus palloni (Risso 1810) Brauner Lippfisch Not established