Meeresfische und -neunaugen (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii & Petromyzontida)

German Red List

Thiel, R.; Winkler, H.; Böttcher, U.; Dänhardt, A.; Fricke, R.; George, M.; Kloppmann, M.; Schaarschmidt, T.; Ubl, C. & Vorberg, R. (2013): Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der etablierten Fische und Neunaugen (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii & Petromyzontida) der marinen Gewässer Deutschlands. – In: Becker, N., Haupt, H., Hofbauer, N., Ludwig, G. & Nehring, S. (Bearb.): Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere, Pflanzen und Pilze Deutschlands. Band 2: Meeresorganismen. – Bonn (Bundesamt für Naturschutz). – Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70 (2) : 11–76.

Comment: The German national Red List threat categories do not correspond with the international IUCN categories.

Checklist

Scientific name German name Threat Category
A
Zoarces viviparus (Linnaeus, 1758) Aalmutter Not Threatened
Pagellus acarne (Risso, 1827) Achselfleckbrasse Not established
Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801) Adlerfisch Not established
Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758) Adlerrochen Not established
Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantische Makrele Near Threatened
Clupea harengus Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantischer Hering Not Threatened
B
Anarhichas denticulatus Krøyer, 1845 Blauer Seewolf, Not established
Micromesistius poutassou (Risso, 1827) Blauer Wittling Not established
Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) Blauhai Not established
Raja brachyura Lafont, 1873 Blondrochen Not established
Brama brama (Bonnaterre, 1788) Brachsenmakrele Not established
Acantholabrus palloni (Risso 1810) Brauner Lippfisch Not established
Pholis gunnellus (Linnaeus, 1758) Butterfisch Not Threatened
C
Leucoraja fullonica (Linnaeus, 1758) Chagrinrochen Not established
D
Chelon labrosus (Risso, 1827) Dicklippige Meeräsche Not Threatened
Hippoglossoides platessoides (Fabricius, 1780) Doggerscharbe Not Threatened
Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758 Dornhai Threatened with Extinction
Gadus morhua Linnaeus, 1758 Dorsch Not Threatened
Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Cloquet, 1824) Dreibärtelige Seequappe Data Deficient
Liza ramada (Risso, 1827) Dünnlippige Meeräsche Not established
E
Capros aper (Linnaeus, 1758) Eberfisch Not established
Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817) Einfarbiger Pelamide Not established
Echiodon drummondii Thompson, 1837 Eingeweidefisch Not established
Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Eishai Not established
Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Europäischer Aal Highly Threatened
F
Alosa fallax (Lacépède, 1803) Finte Threatened
Pomatoschistus pictus (Malm, 1865) Fleckengrundel Data Deficient
Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810 Fleckhai Not established
Raja montagui Fowler, 1910 Fleckrochen Extremely Rare
Cheilopogon heterurus (Rafinesque, 1810) Fliegender Fisch, Not established
Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus, 1758) Flunder Not Threatened
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (Walbaum, 1792) Flügelbutt Not Threatened
Trisopterus luscus (Linnaeus, 1758) Franzosendorsch Near Threatened
Lesueurigobius friesii (Malm,1874) Fries-Grundel, Spitzschwänzige Grundel Not established
Raniceps raninus (Linnaeus, 1758) Froschdorsch Data Deficient
Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Fuchshai Not established
Rajella fyllae (Lütken, 1887) Fyllarochen Not established
Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus, 1758) Fünfbärtelige Seequappe Not Threatened
G
Lepidorhombus boscii (Risso, 1810) Gefleckter Flügelbutt Not established
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Le Sauvage, 1824) Gefleckter Großer Sandaal Data Deficient
Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque, 1810 Gefleckter Leierfisch Data Deficient
Labrus bergylta Ascanius, 1767 Gefleckter Lippfisch Extremely Rare
Boops boops (Linnaeus, 1758) Gelbstrieme, Not established
Remora remora (Linnaeus, 1758) Gemeiner Schiffshalter Not established
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 Gemeiner Seewolf Threat of Unknown Extent
Atherina presbyter Cuvier, 1829 Gemeiner Ährenfisch Data Deficient
Trigloporus lastoviza (Bonnaterre, 1788) Gestreifter Knurrhahn, Faltenknurrhahn Not established
Callionymus lyra Linnaeus, 1758 Gestreifter Leierfisch Not Threatened
Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) Gewöhnlicher Hammerhai, Gemeiner Hammerhai Not established
Macrorhamphosus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758) Gewöhnlicher Schnepfenfisch Not established
Aphia minuta (Risso, 1810) Glasgrundel Not Threatened
Scophthalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758) Glattbutt Not Threatened
Dipturus batis (Linnaeus, 1758) Glattrochen Threatened with Extinction
Symphodus melops (Linnaeus, 1758) Goldmaid, Augenfleck-Lippfisch Data Deficient
Liza aurata (Risso, 1810) Goldmeeräsche Not established
Lampris guttatus (Brünnich, 1788) Gotteslachs Not established
Syngnathus typhle Linnaeus, 1758 Grasnadel Not Threatened
Pagellus bogaraveo (Brünnich, 1768) Graubarsch Not established
Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789 Grauer Drückerfisch Not established
Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus, 1758) Grauer Knurrhahn Not Threatened
Entelurus aequoreus (Linnaeus, 1758) Große Schlangennadel Threat of Unknown Extent
Syngnathus acus Linnaeus, 1758 Große Seenadel Threat of Unknown Extent
Phycis blennoides (Brünnich, 1768) Großer Gabeldorsch Not established
Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Großer Grauhai Not established
Liparis liparis (Linnaeus, 1766) Großer Scheibenbauch Not Threatened
Trachinus draco Linnaeus, 1758 Großes Petermännchen Threatened
Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Großgefleckter Katzenhai Not established
Lebetus guilleti (La Danois, 1913) Guillet-Grundel, Zwerggrundel Not established
H
Zeugopterus punctatus (Bloch, 1787) Haarbutt Data Deficient
Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Heringshai Not established
Zeus faber Linnaeus, 1758 Heringskönig Not established
Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) Hornhecht Not Threatened
Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758) Hundshai Highly Threatened
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758) Hundszunge Not Threatened
I
Myxine glutinosa Linnaeus, 1758 Inger, Schleimaal Not established
J
Buenia jeffreysii (Günther, 1867) Jeffrey-Grundel Not established
K
Taractes asper Lowe, 1843 Kleine Brachsenmakrele, Segelflossen-Brachsenmakrele Not established
Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus, 1758 Kleine Goldmakrele Not established
Nerophis ophidion (Linnaeus, 1758) Kleine Schlangennadel Not Threatened
Syngnathus rostellatus Nilsson, 1855 Kleine Seenadel Not Threatened
Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus, 1758 Kleiner Sandaal Data Deficient
Liparis montagui (Donovan, 1804) Kleiner Scheibenbauch Data Deficient
Lophius budegassa Spinola, 1807 Kleiner Seeteufel, Schwarzer Seeteufel Not established
Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 Kleiner Ährenfisch Not established
Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier, 1829) Kleines Petermännchen Not Threatened
Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758) Kleingefleckter Katzenhai Not Threatened
Centrolabrus exoletus (Linnaeus, 1758) Kleinmäuliger Lippfisch Not established
Raja microocellata Montagu, 1818 Kleinäugiger Rochen Not established
Limanda limanda (Linnaeus, 1758) Kliesche, Scharbe Not Threatened
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Linnaeus, 1758) Klippenbarsch Not Threatened
Crystallogobius linearis (Düben, 1845) Kristallgrundel Not Threatened
Nerophis lumbriciformis (Jenyns, 1835) Krummschnauzige Schlangennadel Not established
Labrus mixtus Linnaeus, 1758 Kuckuckslippfisch Not established
Leucoraja naevus (Müller & Henle, 1841) Kuckucksrochen Extremely Rare
Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758) Kurzschnäuziges Seepferdchen Data Deficient
L
Maurolicus muelleri (Gmelin, 1789) Lachshering Not established
Arnoglossus laterna (Walbaum, 1792) Lammzunge Not Threatened
Taractichthys longipinnis (Lowe, 1843) Langflossen-Brachsenmakrele Not established
Trigla lyra Linnaeus, 1758 Leierknurrhahn Not established
Molva molva (Linnaeus, 1758) Leng Threat of Unknown Extent
Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792) Limande, Rotzunge Not Threatened
Pomatoschistus lozanoi (de Buen, 1923) Lozanos Grundel Data Deficient
M
Scomberesox saurus saurus (Walbaum, 1792) Makrelenhecht Not established
Torpedo marmorata Risso, 1810 Marmor-Zitterrochen, Marmorierter Zitterrochen Not established
Dentex maroccanus Valenciennes, 1830 Marokko-Zahnbrassen, Marokko-Meerbrasse Not established
Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758) Meeraal Data Deficient
Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758) Meerengel Not established
Scomber colias Gmelin, 1789 Mittelmeermakrele Not established
Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758) Mondfisch Not established
Triglops murrayi Günther, 1888 Murrays Groppe Not established
N
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain, 1879) Nacktsandaal Not established
Raja clavata Linnaeus, 1758 Nagelrochen Threatened with Extinction
Pomatoschistus norvegicus (Collett, 1902) Norwegergrundel Not established
Ciliata septentrionalis (Collett, 1875) Nördliche Fünfbärtelige Seequappe, Nordische Seequappe Not established
O
Callionymus reticulatus Valenciennes, 1837 Ornamentleierfisch, Gebänderter Leierfisch Data Deficient
P
Trachinotus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Palometa, Gabelmakrele Not established
Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793) Pelamide Not established
Raja undulata Lacépède, 1802 Perlrochen Not established
Pollachius pollachius (Linnaeus, 1758) Pollack, Steinköhler Extremely Rare
Parablennius ruber (Valenciennes, 1836) Portugiesischer Schleimfisch Not established
R
Regalecus glesne Ascanius, 1772 Riemenfisch Not established
Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) Riesenhai Not established
Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Rotbrasse Not established
Mullus barbatus barbatus Linnaeus, 1758 Rote Meerbarbe Not established
Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus, 1758) Roter Knurrhahn Not Threatened
Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Roter Thun Not established
S
Ammodytes marinus Raitt, 1934 Sandaal Data Deficient
Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770) Sandgrundel Not Threatened
Leucoraja circularis (Couch, 1838) Sandrochen Not established
Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758) Sardelle Not Threatened
Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) Sardine Not Threatened
Lipophrys pholis (Linnaeus, 1758) Schan Not established
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Schellfisch Highly Threatened
Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758 Scholle Not Threatened
Torpedo nobiliana Bonaparte, 1835 Schwarzer Zitterrochen Not established
Centrolophus niger (Gmelin, 1789) Schwarzfisch Not established
Gobius niger Linnaeus, 1758 Schwarzgrundel Not Threatened
Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758 Schwertfisch Not established
Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius, 1779) Schwimmgrundel Not Threatened
Taurulus bubalis (Euphrasen, 1786) Seebull Data Deficient
Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758 Seehase Not Threatened
Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758) Seehecht Data Deficient
Chelidonichthys cuculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Seekuckuck Not established
Pollachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758) Seelachs, Köhler Not Threatened
Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus, 1758 Seeratte Not established
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758) Seeskorpion Not Threatened
Spinachia spinachia (Linnaeus, 1758) Seestichling Highly Threatened
Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus, 1758 Seeteufel Data Deficient
Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) Seezunge Near Threatened
Pterycombus brama Fries, 1837 Silberbrassen Not established
Lebetus scorpioides (Collett, 1874) Skorpiongrundel Not established
Dipturus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus,1758) Spitzrochen Not established
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (Walbaum, 1792) Spitzschwänziger Bandfisch Threatened with Extinction
Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus, 1758) Sprotte Not Threatened
Chirolophis ascanii (Walbaum, 1792) Stachelrücken-Schleimfisch Extinct or Lost
Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758) Stechrochen Highly Threatened
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) Steinbutt Near Threatened
Agonus cataphractus (Linnaeus, 1758) Steinpicker Not Threatened
Amblyraja radiata (Donovan, 1808) Sternrochen Threatened
Trisopterus esmarkii (Nilsson, 1855) Stintdorsch Not Threatened
Pomatoschistus microps (Krøyer, 1838) Strandgrundel Not Threatened
Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758 Streifenbarbe Not Threatened
Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758) Streifenbrasse, Brandbrasse Not established
Trachurus trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758) Stöcker, Holzmakrele Not Threatened
Serranus cabrilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Sägebarsch Not established
U
Hyperoplus immaculatus (Corbin, 1950) Ungefleckter Großer Sandaal Data Deficient
V
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766) Vierbärtelige Seequappe Not Threatened
W
Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1821 Weißgefleckter Glatthai Data Deficient
Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758) Wittling Not Threatened
Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) Wolfsbarsch Not Threatened
Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Wrackbarsch Not established
Z
Symphodus bailloni (Valenciennes, 1839) Zweifleck-Lippfisch Not established
Diplecogaster bimaculata bimaculata (Bonnaterre, 1788) Zweiflecken-Ansauger, Doppelfleckiger Haftfisch Not established
Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Günther, 1862) Zwergbutt Not Threatened
Trisopterus minutus (Linnaeus, 1758) Zwergdorsch Threatened
Micrenophrys lilljeborgii (Collett, 1875) Zwergseeskorpion Data Deficient
Buglossidium luteum (Risso, 1810) Zwergzunge, Glaszunge Not Threatened