Säugetiere (Mammalia)

German Red List

Meinig, H.; Boye, P. & Hutterer, R. (2009): Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Säugetiere (Mammalia) Deutschlands. – In: Haupt, H., Ludwig, G., Gruttke, H., Binot-Hafke, M., Otto, C. & Pauly, A. (Bearb.): Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere, Pflanzen und Pilze Deutschlands. Band 1: Wirbeltiere. – Bonn (Bundesamt für Naturschutz). – Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70 (1):  115–153.

 

Comment: The German national Red List threat categories do not correspond with the international IUCN categories. 

Checklist

Scientific name German name Threat Category
V
Vulpes vulpes (Linné, 1758) Fuchs Not Threatened
Vespertilio murinus Linné, 1758 Zweifarbfledermaus Data Deficient
U
Ursus arctos Linné, 1758 Braunbär Extinct or Lost
T
Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821) Großer Tümmler Extinct or Lost
Tamiops cf. swinhoei (Milne-Edwards, 1874) Baumstreifenhörnchen Not established
Tamias striatus (Linné, 1758) Streifen-Backenhörnchen Not established
Talpa europaea Linné, 1758 Maulwurf Not Threatened
S
Sus scrofa Linné, 1758 Wildschwein Not Threatened
Spermophilus citellus (Linné, 1766) Europäisches Ziesel Extinct or Lost
Sorex minutus Linné, 1766 Zwergspitzmaus Not Threatened
Sorex coronatus Millet, 1828 Schabrackenspitzmaus Not Threatened
Sorex araneus Linné, 1758 Waldspitzmaus Not Threatened
Sorex alpinus Schinz, 1837 Alpenspitzmaus Threat of Unknown Extent
Sicista betulina (Pallas, 1779) Waldbirkenmaus Highly Threatened
Sciurus vulgaris Linné, 1758 Eichhörnchen Not Threatened
R
Rupicapra rupicapra (Linné, 1758) Gämse Near Threatened
Rhinolophus hipposideros (Bechstein, 1800) Kleine Hufeisennase Highly Threatened
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Schreber, 1774) Große Hufeisennase Threatened with Extinction
Rattus rattus (Linné, 1758) Hausratte Threatened with Extinction
Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769) Wanderratte Not Threatened
P
Procyon lotor (Linné, 1758) Waschbär Not Evaluated
Plecotus austriacus (J. Fischer, 1829) Graues Langohr Threatened with Extinction
Plecotus auritus (Linné, 1758) Braunes Langohr Threatened
Pipistrellus pygmaeus (Leach, 1825) Mückenfledermaus Not Threatened
Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774) Zwergfledermaus Not Threatened
Pipistrellus nathusii (Keyserling & Blasius, 1839) Rauhautfledermaus Not Threatened
Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl, 1817) Weißrandfledermaus Not Threatened
Phocoena phocoena phocoena (Linné, 1758) Schweinswal Highly Threatened
Phoca vitulina vitulina Linné, 1758 Seehund Threat of Unknown Extent
O
Ovis orientalis Gmelin, 1774 Mufflon Not Evaluated
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linné, 1758) Wildkaninchen Near Threatened
Ondatra zibethicus (Linné, 1766) Bisam Not Evaluated
N
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834) Marderhund Not Evaluated
Nyctalus noctula noctula (Schreber, 1774) Großer Abendsegler Near Threatened
Nyctalus leisleri (Kuhl, 1817) Kleinabendsegler Data Deficient
Neovison vison (Schreber, 1777) Mink Not Evaluated
Neomys fodiens (Pennant, 1771) Wasserspitzmaus Near Threatened
Neomys anomalus milleri Mottaz, 1907 Sumpfspitzmaus Highly Threatened
M
Myotis nattereri nattereri (Kuhl, 1817) Fransenfledermaus Not Threatened
Myotis mystacinus (Kuhl, 1817) Kleine Bartfledermaus Not Threatened
Myotis myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797) Großes Mausohr Not Threatened
Myotis emarginatus (E. Geoffroy, 1806) Wimperfledermaus Highly Threatened
Myotis daubentonii (Kuhl, 1817) Wasserfledermaus Not Threatened
Myotis dasycneme (Boie, 1825) Teichfledermaus Threat of Unknown Extent
Myotis brandtii (Eversmann, 1845) Große Bartfledermaus Not Threatened
Myotis bechsteinii (Kuhl, 1817) Bechsteinfledermaus Highly Threatened
Myotis alcathoe von Helversen & Heller, 2001 Nymphenfledermaus Threatened with Extinction
Myodes glareolus (Schreber, 1780) Rötelmaus Not Threatened
Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782) Nutria Not Evaluated
Mustela putorius Linné, 1758 Iltis Threatened
Mustela nivalis Linné, 1766 Mauswiesel Data Deficient
Mustela lutreola (Linné, 1761) Europäischer Nerz Extinct or Lost
Mustela eversmanii Lesson, 1827 Steppeniltis Not established
Mustela erminea Linné, 1758 Hermelin Data Deficient
Muscardinus avellanarius (Linné, 1758) Haselmaus Near Threatened
Mus musculus Linné, 1758 Östliche Hausmaus Not Threatened
Mus domesticus helgolandicus Zimmermann, 1953 Helgoländer Hausmaus Extremely Rare
Mus domesticus domesticus E. Schwarz & H.K. Schwarz, 1943 Westliche Hausmaus Not Threatened
Miniopterus schreibersii (Kuhl, 1817) Langflügelfledermaus Extinct or Lost
Microtus subterraneus (De Selys-Longchamps, 1836) Kleinwühlmaus Data Deficient
Microtus liechtensteini bavaricus (König, 1962) Bayerische Kleinwühlmaus Extinct or Lost
Microtus arvalis (Pallas, 1778) Feldmaus Not Threatened
Microtus agrestis (Linné, 1761) Erdmaus Not Threatened
Micromys minutus (Pallas, 1771) Zwergmaus Near Threatened
Meles meles (Linné, 1758) Dachs Not Threatened
Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) Buckelwal Not established
Martes martes (Linné, 1758) Baummarder Near Threatened
Martes foina (Erxleben, 1777) Steinmarder Not Threatened
Marmota marmota (Linné, 1758) Alpenmurmeltier Not Threatened
L
Lynx lynx (Linné, 1758) Luchs Threatened with Extinction
Lutra lutra (Linné, 1758) Fischotter Threatened
Lepus timidus Linné, 1758 Schneehase Extremely Rare
Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 Feldhase Threatened
Lagenorhynchus albirostris Gray, 1846 Weißschnauzendelfin Extremely Rare
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Gray, 1828) Weißseitendelfin Not established
H
Hypsugo savii (Bonaparte, 1837) Alpenfledermaus Extremely Rare
Homo sapiens Linné, 1758 Mensch Not Evaluated
Halichoerus grypus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) Baltische Kegelrobbe Highly Threatened
Halichoerus grypus atlanticus Nehring, 1886 Atlantische Kegelrobbe Threatened
G
Glis glis (Linné, 1766) Siebenschläfer Not Threatened
F
Felis silvestris silvestris Schreber, 1777 Wildkatze Threatened
Felis catus Linné, 1758 Hauskatze Not established
E
Eutamias sibiricus (Laxmann, 1769) Sibirisches Streifenhörnchen Not established
Erinaceus roumanicus Barrett-Hamilton, 1900 Ostigel Extinct or Lost
Erinaceus europaeus Linné, 1758 Westigel Near Threatened
Equus ferus Boddaert, 1785 Wildpferd Extinct or Lost
Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774) Breitflügelfledermaus Threatened
Eptesicus nilssonii (Keyserling & Blasius, 1839) Nordfledermaus Threatened
Eliomys quercinus (Linné, 1766) Gartenschläfer Highly Threatened
D
Dryomys nitedula (Pallas, 1778) Baumschläfer Extremely Rare
Delphinus delphis Linné, 1758 Gewöhnlicher Delfin Not established
Dama dama (Linné, 1758) Damhirsch Not Evaluated
C
Crocidura suaveolens (Pallas, 1811) Gartenspitzmaus Threatened
Crocidura russula (Hermann, 1780) Hausspitzmaus Not Threatened
Crocidura leucodon (Hermann, 1780) Feldspitzmaus Near Threatened
Cricetus cricetus (Linné, 1758) Feldhamster Threatened with Extinction
Chionomys nivalis (Martins, 1842) Schneemaus Extremely Rare
Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Sikahirsch Not Evaluated
Cervus elaphus Linné, 1758 Rothirsch Not Threatened
Castor fiber Linné, 1758 Europäischer Biber Near Threatened
Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 Kanadischer Biber Not Evaluated
Capreolus capreolus (Linné, 1758) Reh Not Threatened
Capra ibex Linné, 1758 Steinbock Extremely Rare
Canis lupus Linné, 1758 Wolf Threatened
Canis aureus Linné, 1758 Goldschakal Not established
B
Bos primigenius Bojanus, 1827 Auerochse Extinct or Lost
Bison bonasus (Linné, 1758) Wisent Extinct or Lost
Barbastella barbastellus barbastellus (Schreber, 1774) Mopsfledermaus Highly Threatened
Balaenoptera physalus (Linné, 1758) Finnwal Not established
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 Zwergwal Threatened with Extinction
A
Arvicola amphibius (Linné, 1758) Ostschermaus Not Threatened
Apodemus sylvaticus (Linné, 1758) Waldmaus Not Threatened
Apodemus flavicollis (Melchior, 1834) Gelbhalsmaus Not Threatened
Apodemus alpicola Heinrich, 1952 Alpenwaldmaus Extremely Rare
Apodemus agrarius (Pallas, 1771) Brandmaus Data Deficient
Alexandromys oeconomus (Pallas, 1776) Sumpfmaus Highly Threatened
Alces alces (Linné, 1758) Elch Extremely Rare