Säugetiere (Mammalia)

German Red List

Meinig, H.; Boye, P. & Hutterer, R. (2009): Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Säugetiere (Mammalia) Deutschlands. – In: Haupt, H., Ludwig, G., Gruttke, H., Binot-Hafke, M., Otto, C. & Pauly, A. (Bearb.): Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere, Pflanzen und Pilze Deutschlands. Band 1: Wirbeltiere. – Bonn (Bundesamt für Naturschutz). – Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70 (1):  115–153.

 

Comment: The German national Red List threat categories do not correspond with the international IUCN categories. 

Checklist

Scientific name German name Threat Category
A
Hypsugo savii (Bonaparte, 1837) Alpenfledermaus Extremely Rare
Marmota marmota (Linné, 1758) Alpenmurmeltier Not Threatened
Sorex alpinus Schinz, 1837 Alpenspitzmaus Threat of Unknown Extent
Apodemus alpicola Heinrich, 1952 Alpenwaldmaus Extremely Rare
Halichoerus grypus atlanticus Nehring, 1886 Atlantische Kegelrobbe Threatened
Bos primigenius Bojanus, 1827 Auerochse Extinct or Lost
B
Halichoerus grypus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) Baltische Kegelrobbe Highly Threatened
Martes martes (Linné, 1758) Baummarder Near Threatened
Dryomys nitedula (Pallas, 1778) Baumschläfer Extremely Rare
Tamiops cf. swinhoei (Milne-Edwards, 1874) Baumstreifenhörnchen Not established
Microtus liechtensteini bavaricus (König, 1962) Bayerische Kleinwühlmaus Extinct or Lost
Myotis bechsteinii (Kuhl, 1817) Bechsteinfledermaus Highly Threatened
Ondatra zibethicus (Linné, 1766) Bisam Not Evaluated
Apodemus agrarius (Pallas, 1771) Brandmaus Data Deficient
Ursus arctos Linné, 1758 Braunbär Extinct or Lost
Plecotus auritus (Linné, 1758) Braunes Langohr Threatened
Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774) Breitflügelfledermaus Threatened
Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) Buckelwal Not established
D
Meles meles (Linné, 1758) Dachs Not Threatened
Dama dama (Linné, 1758) Damhirsch Not Evaluated
E
Sciurus vulgaris Linné, 1758 Eichhörnchen Not Threatened
Alces alces (Linné, 1758) Elch Extremely Rare
Microtus agrestis (Linné, 1761) Erdmaus Not Threatened
Castor fiber Linné, 1758 Europäischer Biber Near Threatened
Mustela lutreola (Linné, 1761) Europäischer Nerz Extinct or Lost
Spermophilus citellus (Linné, 1766) Europäisches Ziesel Extinct or Lost
F
Cricetus cricetus (Linné, 1758) Feldhamster Threatened with Extinction
Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 Feldhase Threatened
Microtus arvalis (Pallas, 1778) Feldmaus Not Threatened
Crocidura leucodon (Hermann, 1780) Feldspitzmaus Near Threatened
Balaenoptera physalus (Linné, 1758) Finnwal Not established
Lutra lutra (Linné, 1758) Fischotter Threatened
Myotis nattereri nattereri (Kuhl, 1817) Fransenfledermaus Not Threatened
Vulpes vulpes (Linné, 1758) Fuchs Not Threatened
G
Eliomys quercinus (Linné, 1766) Gartenschläfer Highly Threatened
Crocidura suaveolens (Pallas, 1811) Gartenspitzmaus Threatened
Apodemus flavicollis (Melchior, 1834) Gelbhalsmaus Not Threatened
Delphinus delphis Linné, 1758 Gewöhnlicher Delfin Not established
Canis aureus Linné, 1758 Goldschakal Not established
Plecotus austriacus (J. Fischer, 1829) Graues Langohr Threatened with Extinction
Myotis brandtii (Eversmann, 1845) Große Bartfledermaus Not Threatened
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Schreber, 1774) Große Hufeisennase Threatened with Extinction
Nyctalus noctula noctula (Schreber, 1774) Großer Abendsegler Near Threatened
Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821) Großer Tümmler Extinct or Lost
Myotis myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797) Großes Mausohr Not Threatened
Rupicapra rupicapra (Linné, 1758) Gämse Near Threatened
H
Muscardinus avellanarius (Linné, 1758) Haselmaus Near Threatened
Felis catus Linné, 1758 Hauskatze Not established
Rattus rattus (Linné, 1758) Hausratte Threatened with Extinction
Crocidura russula (Hermann, 1780) Hausspitzmaus Not Threatened
Mus domesticus helgolandicus Zimmermann, 1953 Helgoländer Hausmaus Extremely Rare
Mustela erminea Linné, 1758 Hermelin Data Deficient
I
Mustela putorius Linné, 1758 Iltis Threatened
K
Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 Kanadischer Biber Not Evaluated
Nyctalus leisleri (Kuhl, 1817) Kleinabendsegler Data Deficient
Myotis mystacinus (Kuhl, 1817) Kleine Bartfledermaus Not Threatened
Rhinolophus hipposideros (Bechstein, 1800) Kleine Hufeisennase Highly Threatened
Microtus subterraneus (De Selys-Longchamps, 1836) Kleinwühlmaus Data Deficient
L
Miniopterus schreibersii (Kuhl, 1817) Langflügelfledermaus Extinct or Lost
Lynx lynx (Linné, 1758) Luchs Threatened with Extinction
M
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834) Marderhund Not Evaluated
Talpa europaea Linné, 1758 Maulwurf Not Threatened
Mustela nivalis Linné, 1766 Mauswiesel Data Deficient
Homo sapiens Linné, 1758 Mensch Not Evaluated
Neovison vison (Schreber, 1777) Mink Not Evaluated
Barbastella barbastellus barbastellus (Schreber, 1774) Mopsfledermaus Highly Threatened
Ovis orientalis Gmelin, 1774 Mufflon Not Evaluated
Pipistrellus pygmaeus (Leach, 1825) Mückenfledermaus Not Threatened
N
Eptesicus nilssonii (Keyserling & Blasius, 1839) Nordfledermaus Threatened
Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782) Nutria Not Evaluated
Myotis alcathoe von Helversen & Heller, 2001 Nymphenfledermaus Threatened with Extinction
O
Erinaceus roumanicus Barrett-Hamilton, 1900 Ostigel Extinct or Lost
Arvicola amphibius (Linné, 1758) Ostschermaus Not Threatened
R
Pipistrellus nathusii (Keyserling & Blasius, 1839) Rauhautfledermaus Not Threatened
Capreolus capreolus (Linné, 1758) Reh Not Threatened
Cervus elaphus Linné, 1758 Rothirsch Not Threatened
Myodes glareolus (Schreber, 1780) Rötelmaus Not Threatened
S
Sorex coronatus Millet, 1828 Schabrackenspitzmaus Not Threatened
Lepus timidus Linné, 1758 Schneehase Extremely Rare
Chionomys nivalis (Martins, 1842) Schneemaus Extremely Rare
Phocoena phocoena phocoena (Linné, 1758) Schweinswal Highly Threatened
Phoca vitulina vitulina Linné, 1758 Seehund Threat of Unknown Extent
Eutamias sibiricus (Laxmann, 1769) Sibirisches Streifenhörnchen Not established
Glis glis (Linné, 1766) Siebenschläfer Not Threatened
Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Sikahirsch Not Evaluated
Capra ibex Linné, 1758 Steinbock Extremely Rare
Martes foina (Erxleben, 1777) Steinmarder Not Threatened
Mustela eversmanii Lesson, 1827 Steppeniltis Not established
Tamias striatus (Linné, 1758) Streifen-Backenhörnchen Not established
Alexandromys oeconomus (Pallas, 1776) Sumpfmaus Highly Threatened
Neomys anomalus milleri Mottaz, 1907 Sumpfspitzmaus Highly Threatened
T
Myotis dasycneme (Boie, 1825) Teichfledermaus Threat of Unknown Extent
W
Sicista betulina (Pallas, 1779) Waldbirkenmaus Highly Threatened
Apodemus sylvaticus (Linné, 1758) Waldmaus Not Threatened
Sorex araneus Linné, 1758 Waldspitzmaus Not Threatened
Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769) Wanderratte Not Threatened
Procyon lotor (Linné, 1758) Waschbär Not Evaluated
Myotis daubentonii (Kuhl, 1817) Wasserfledermaus Not Threatened
Neomys fodiens (Pennant, 1771) Wasserspitzmaus Near Threatened
Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl, 1817) Weißrandfledermaus Not Threatened
Lagenorhynchus albirostris Gray, 1846 Weißschnauzendelfin Extremely Rare
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Gray, 1828) Weißseitendelfin Not established
Erinaceus europaeus Linné, 1758 Westigel Near Threatened
Mus domesticus domesticus E. Schwarz & H.K. Schwarz, 1943 Westliche Hausmaus Not Threatened
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linné, 1758) Wildkaninchen Near Threatened
Felis silvestris silvestris Schreber, 1777 Wildkatze Threatened
Equus ferus Boddaert, 1785 Wildpferd Extinct or Lost
Sus scrofa Linné, 1758 Wildschwein Not Threatened
Myotis emarginatus (E. Geoffroy, 1806) Wimperfledermaus Highly Threatened
Bison bonasus (Linné, 1758) Wisent Extinct or Lost
Canis lupus Linné, 1758 Wolf Threatened
Z
Vespertilio murinus Linné, 1758 Zweifarbfledermaus Data Deficient
Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774) Zwergfledermaus Not Threatened
Micromys minutus (Pallas, 1771) Zwergmaus Near Threatened
Sorex minutus Linné, 1766 Zwergspitzmaus Not Threatened
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 Zwergwal Threatened with Extinction
Ö
Mus musculus Linné, 1758 Östliche Hausmaus Not Threatened